Narrative Recording for Collecting Data on a Child
Collecting data on a child involves observing a child and using a method to gather evidence that can help identify and understand the behavior of a child. A commonly used method of recording data on a student is called narrative recording.
Narrative data should include:
- What the teachers are doing.
- What the students are doing.
- How the students are participating
- (engagement level) in the class discussion/activity.
- How the students are interacting with one another.
Details of the events in chronological order. Below are advantages and disadvantages for using this particular method of observing children:
Narrative recording involves providing an ongoing description of the events that take place during an observation as they occur in real time. It is not limited to a particular incident, but rather encompasses all events taking place in a given time frame. It focuses on behaviors of all students, as opposed to a particular behavior of one child. A narrative observation includes recording details in a sequential manner that helps the observer better understand not only what behaviors took place but also the context in which the behavior occurred. This can be used as evidence to support claims you make and to provide suggestions when you talk with the teacher after the observation. Accurately written notes in chronological order, along with specific examples about the student’s behavior, can be used to discuss appropriate strategies or techniques that can be used as part a behavior intervention plan and increase a child’s attention, time on-task, and overall learning in the classroom.